Schedule 4 (S4) medicines are prescription only.
In a pharmacy, S4 medicines must be stored in the dispensary, to prevent physical access by the public.
Health practitioners must store S4 medicines at their usual place of practice. These medicines must be kept in a container, cabinet or room that is kept locked and is only accessible by an authorised health professional, or a person when personally supervised by an authorised health professional.
Public hospitals have additional storage restrictions for certain Schedule 4 medicines which can cause dependence (known as restricted Schedule 4 medicines).
Authorised health practitioners may transport S4 medicines when attending patients outside their usual place of practice provided (e.g. home visits) as long as:
- quantities are restricted to reasonable amounts, (e.g. PBS prescriber bag quantities)
- medicines are in the possession of health professional at all times
- reasonable steps are taken to protect against loss or theft.