Chlamydia

Statutory notification

Public health management

Important information

  • Infectious agent: Genital infection is caused by some subtypes of Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria. Other subtypes cause trachoma and lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV).
  • Transmission: Chlamydia is passed on by unprotected vaginal, oral or anal sex with an infected person. Pregnant women can pass chlamydia on to their babies, causing serious eye and lung infections.
  • Incubation period: From 2 to 60 days but may be longer, though many remain asymptomatic.
  • Infectious period: Infected persons are presumed to be infectious. Without treatment, infection can persist for months
  • Case exclusion: Do not exclude.
  • Contact exclusion: Do not exclude.
  • Treatment: As recommended by the Silver book-Guidelines for managing sexually transmitted infections.
  • Immunisation: None available.
  • Case follow-up: Is the responsibility of health care providers.

Guidelines

Notifiable disease data and reports

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Public Health