Guide to cleaning and disinfecting equipment for the body art, beauty and nail industries

For further reference on the cleaning, disinfection and sterilisation of used items, see AS/NZS 4815:2001 Office-based, health-care facilities not involved in complex patient procedures and processes – Cleaning, disinfecting and sterilising reusable medical and surgical instruments and equipment, and maintenance of the associated environment. It provides clear instructions for all steps in the processing of reusable high, intermediate and low risk instruments.

For body art, it is important to keep accurate records of every body piercing and procedure for each client. Accurate and detailed records are valuable to the body artist if there is any infection or possibility of a blood-borne virus transmission with the client.

High risk beauty therapy equipment

After each client, clean and disinfect, or dispose of these items, as per the following advice.

High risk
Equipment Potential health risk Actions required

Reusable instruments

Tattoo guns

Skin infections

Spreading blood-borne viruses (BBVs)

Wash in warm water and detergent.

Rinse in hot running water.

Dry with lint free cloth.

Package with chemical indicator and seal.

Sterilise.

Single use needles

Skin infections

Spreading blood-borne viruses (BBVs)
Dispose of into sharps container.
Tweezers, probes, scissors, any other reusable instruments

Skin infections

Spreading blood-borne viruses (BBVs)

Wash in warm water and detergent.

Rinse in hot running water.

Dry with lint free cloth.

Sterilise if contaminated.
Single-use razors

Skin infections

Spreading blood-borne viruses (BBVs)
Dispose of it into sharps container.
Single-use rubber bands

Skin infections

Spreading blood-borne viruses (BBVs)
Dispose of it into a clinical waste container.

Intermediate risk beauty therapy equipment

After each client, clean and disinfect, or dispose of these items, as per the following advice.

Intermediate risk
Equipment Potential health risk Actions required
Face brushes
  • Make-up
  • Eyebrow
  • Other

Face sponges

Shaving brushes

Skin infection if previous client has skin lesions or infection.

Rinse free of lotions, creams and make-up.

Wash in warm water and detergent.

Rinse in hot running water.

Dry thoroughly.

Equipment that is not immersible:

Tattoo guns

Electrical items

Reusable stimulator electrodes

Infection

Wipe over with cloth dampened in warm water and detergent.

Rinse by wiping with cloth dampened in hot water.

Dry thoroughly.

Wipe over with cloth dampened with 70 per cent alcohol solution and allow to dry.

Low risk beauty therapy equipment

After each client, clean and disinfect, or dispose of these items, as per the following advice.

Low risk
Equipment Potential health risk Actions required

Nail clippers/scissors

Cuticle sticks

Nail burrs

Nail files
Potential for infection

Wash in warm water and detergent.

Rinse in hot running water.

Dry with lint free cloth.

Dispose of or sterilise if contaminated.

Single use skin markers

Cotton thread (for threading)
Skin infection Dispose into clinical waste.

Eyelash curlers

Nail brushes

Nail buffers

Emery boards
Infection

Wash in warm water and detergent.

Rinse in hot running water.

Dry with lint free cloth.

Dispose of or sterilise if contaminated.
Foot baths Contamination

Wash in warm water and detergent.

Rinse in hot running water.

Dry with lint free cloth.

Use chlorine –based disinfectant (bleach) to disinfect, rinse in hot water and dry with lint free cloth.
Dye mixing bowls Contamination

Wash in warm water and detergent.

Rinse in hot running water.

Dry thoroughly with lint free cloth before refilling.

Wax thermometers

Wax pots

Reusable wax applicators

  • Metal
  • Plastic
Saucepans

Skin infections

Spreading blood borne viruses (BBVs)

Remove wax using appropriate solvent for the type of wax.

Wash in warm water and detergent.

Rinse in hot running water.

Dry with lint free cloth.
Nail varnish brushes Contamination

Wash in hot water (70-80ºC) and detergent.

Dry in open air or in clothes dryer on hot setting.

Dry as required by type of material.

Linen

Towels

  • Gowns and capes
  • Hair covers
  • Hair bands
  • Other
Infection

Wash in hot water (70-80ºC) and detergent.

Dry in open air or in clothes dryer on hot setting.

Dry as required by type of material.
Client couch/chair

Contamination

dust accumulating

Wash with warm water and detergent.

Dry thoroughly with lint free cloth.

After each use, dispose of these items as per the following advice.

Disposal
Equipment Potential health risk Actions required
Single use applicators

Infection

Dispose of into sterile container.

When empty, clean and disinfect these items as per the following advice.

Before refilling
Equipment Potential health risk Actions required

Bottles/sprays/pump dispensers

  • Liquid soap
  • Water
  • Lotions
  • Creams
  • Gels

Potential for contamination

Wash in warm water and detergent.

Rinse in hot running water.

Dry thoroughly with lint free cloth before refilling.

Each week, clean these items as per the following advice.

Weekly cleaning
Equipment Potential health risk Actions required

Equipment trolley or tray

 

Dust accumulating and contaminating clean equipment

 

Wash in warm water and detergent.

Rinse in hot running water.

Dry thoroughly with lint free cloth before refilling.

 

Produced by

Public Health