Pneumococcal infection (invasive)

Statutory notification alert

Public health management

Important information

  • Infectious agent: Streptococcus pneumoniae ('pneumococcus').
  • Transmission: Airborne or droplet.
  • Incubation period: About 1 to 3 days.
  • Infectious period: Until Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria are no longer present in nose and throat secretions (usually 24 hours after antibiotic commencement).
  • Case exclusion: Exclude until 24 hours after commencement of antibiotics.
  • Contact exclusion: Do not exclude. Contacts do not require antibiotic treatment or vaccination.
  • Treatment: Antibiotics as recommended by doctor – refer to doctor.
  • Immunisation: Recommended that children and adults be vaccinated according to the Western Australian vaccination schedule. See Australian Immunisation Handbook 10th edition, Department of Health (external site).
  • Case follow-up: Is conducted by local public health units (Healthy WA).


Notifiable disease data and reports

Further information

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Public Health