Voluntary assisted dying

  • Western Australia has passed legislation which enables voluntary assisted dying to become a choice available to people in mid-2021 (expected 1 July 2021). This is to allow for an 18-month implementation period.
  • Voluntary assisted dying involves a process to access medication and to enable a person to legally choose the manner and timing of their death.
  • Put simply, voluntary assisted dying means that some adults could ask for medical help to end their life if they have a disease or illness that is so severe it is going to cause their death and they are suffering badly.
  • The term 'voluntary assisted dying' emphasises the voluntary nature of the choice of the person and their enduring capacity to make this decision.
Voluntary Assisted Dying Legislation

In August 2019 the Voluntary Assisted Dying Bill 2019 was introduced into the Western Australian Parliament.

On 10 December 2019 the Bill completed passage through Parliament and received Royal Assent on 19 December 2019.

Part 1 of the Act (other than divisions 2 to 4) commenced on Royal Assent and the rest of the Act will commence upon proclamation which is scheduled for mid-2021.

Voluntary Assisted Dying Act 2019 (external site)

Voluntary Assisted Dying in Western Australia

Note: the details below and the high-level process diagram (PDF 1MB) are summaries only, for full details you must refer to Voluntary Assisted Dying Act 2019 (external site). Commencement is expected in mid-2021.

To be eligible for voluntary assisted dying, the person must meet all of the eligibility criteria. This includes that they:

  • are aged 18 years or over
  • are an Australian citizen or permanent resident who has been ordinarily resident in Western Australia for at least 12 months
  • have been diagnosed with at least 1 disease, illness or medical condition that is advanced, progressive and will cause death; and, will, on the balance of probabilities cause death within a period of 6 months (or 12 months for neurodegenerative); and, is causing suffering that cannot be relieved in a manner that the person considers tolerable
  • must have decision-making capacity in relation to voluntary assisted dying
  • must be acting voluntarily and without coercion
  • must have an enduring request for access to voluntary assisted dying

To access voluntary assisted dying a person must be independently assessed as eligible by two medical practitioners. These medical practitioners must meet certain requirements and have undergone mandatory training. They may also refer the person for additional assessments if required.

During the process the person must make three separate requests for voluntary assisted dying: a first request, a written declaration and a final request. The written declaration must be witnessed by two people (who meet specific requirements).

Voluntary assisted dying may be through self-administration or practitioner administration of the voluntary assisted dying substance – this is a decision made in consultation with the co-ordinating medical practitioner. If self-administration, the person must appoint a Contact Person who has specific responsibilities, including return of any unused substance. If practitioner administration this may be done by a medical practitioner or by a nurse practitioner (who meet specific requirements).

The death certificate must not include any reference to voluntary assisted dying.

Throughout the process the person must be informed of many different aspects relating to voluntary assisted dying, as well as their treatment and palliative care options.

Fundamental to the process is that it remains voluntary and free from coercion. The person can withdraw or revoke their involvement at any stage.

Health practitioners are also able to refuse to participate in voluntary assisted dying for any reason (including conscientious objection).

Health care workers must not initiate discussion about, or suggest, voluntary assisted dying to a person to whom they are providing health or professional care services. The exception to this is for medical practitioners or nurse practitioners if, at the same time, they also inform the person about treatment and palliative care options available to them and the likely outcomes of that care and treatment.

Implementation Project

The Department of Health has started a project to ensure that voluntary assisted dying is implemented properly in Western Australia. It is important to make sure that the process is safe, appropriate and follows the law.

There are many aspects to making sure that Western Australia is ready for when voluntary assisted dying becomes legally available. The Voluntary Assisted Dying Act 2019 outlines many forms and details, and the various processes that must be followed. Preparations need to be made so that everybody involved understands these requirements so that they can be followed correctly.

It is expected more information will be available in 2021 as it gets closer to the time when voluntary assisted dying will become legally available. 

The Department of Health has established an Implementation Leadership Team to provide expert advice to the Department as well as overseeing, co-ordinating and facilitating the work required to prepare for voluntary assisted dying in Western Australia. 

Subscribe to information updates to be kept informed (external site).

Implementation Leadership Team

The Department of Health has established an Implementation Leadership Team to provide expert advice to the Department as well as overseeing, co-ordinating and facilitating the work required to prepare for voluntary assisted dying in Western Australia.

The Implementation Leadership Team will work closely with key stakeholders to ensure that voluntary assisted dying is implemented safely and appropriately within the context of existing care options available to people at the end of life.

The Implementation Leadership Team will oversee the development of:

  • The training program for the doctors and nurse practitioners who take part in the process
  • Setting up the Voluntary Assisted Dying Board
  • Creating the IT system for processing and data collection
  • Arranging services so that people can access the voluntary assisted dying substance once it has been prescribed
  • Organising the Care Navigator Service who will assist people in finding out information on voluntary assisted dying and support people during the process if needed

Implementation Leadership Team Membership

Dr Scott Blackwell (Chairperson)

Dr Scott Blackwell is a General Practitioner with expertise in palliative and aged care. He is a former President of the Australian Medical Association (WA Branch) and a life member of the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners. Dr Blackwell was a member of the Ministerial Expert Panel on Voluntary Assisted Dying.

Ms Noreen Fynn (Deputy Chairperson)

Ms Noreen Fynn is a consumer representative with considerable experience in Western Australia in the carer, disability, aged care and mental health sectors. She has worked extensively with community and government organisations at both the state and federal level. She was previously a member of the Ministerial Expert Panel on Voluntary Assisted Dying.

Dr Elissa Campbell

Dr Elissa Campbell is a consultant geriatrician, palliative care specialist and the current President of Palliative Care WA. Dr Campbell was a member of the Ministerial Expert Panel on Voluntary Assisted Dying.

Ms Amanda Collins-Clinch

Ms Amanda Collins-Clinch is a Yamatji woman from the Badimaya and Amangu peoples of Western Australia. Currently she works at the Aboriginal Health Council of Western Australia (AHCWA) as the Executive Manager of Workforce and Health Programs. Ms Collins-Clinch was previously the Deputy CEO of the Aboriginal Health Council of South Australia. Ms Collins-Clinch is representing AHCWA on the Implementation Leadership Team.

Ms Margaret Denton

Ms Margaret Denton is the Chief Operating Officer of the WA Country Health Service. Her extensive experience in rural WA includes senior executive operational roles in aged and community care, population and Aboriginal health and acute services and clinical service provision as an Occupational Therapist.

Ms Stephanie Dowden

Ms Stephanie Dowden is the Director of NursePrac Australia, a company providing Nurse Practitioner-led health care for children and young people. As a nurse practitioner herself, Stephanie’s focus has been palliative care and pain management for children and young people. She is a past President of Palliative Care WA and has provided advice to related committees in WA and internationally. She is currently the Chair of the WA Chapter of Australian College of Nurse Practitioners and a National Board Member of the Australian College of Nurse Practitioners.

Assoc Prof Chris Etherton-Beer

Associate Professor Christopher Etherton-Beer is a Geriatric Medicine Physician and Clinical Pharmacologist. He is an Associate Professor in Geriatric Medicine at UWA, a medical Co-Director at the Royal Perth Bentley Group, chair of the WA Therapeutics Advisory Group and a member of the Pharmaceutical Benefits Advisory Committee. He is also a current member of the North Metropolitan Health Service Board, until 30 June 2020.

Mrs Chris Kane

Mrs Chris Kane is the General Manager, Strategy and Engagement for the WA Primary Health Alliance (WAPHA). She is a Board member of the Australian Hospitals and Healthcare Association, the Primary Care Curriculum Committee (Curtin Medical School) and a Primary Care Advisory Committee member of the Australian Commission on Safety Quality. Mrs Kane is representing WAPHA on the Implementation Leadership Team.

Dr Andrew Miller

Dr Andrew Miller is a Specialist Anaesthetist and is the current President of WA Branch of the Australian Medical Association. Dr Miller is representing the Australian Medical Association (WA Branch) on the Implementation Leadership Team.

Hon Dr Sally Talbot

Hon Dr Sally Talbot, MLC is a Member of the WA Parliament representing the South West Region having been elected to Parliament in 2005. Hon Dr Talbot has served on many Parliamentary Committees including as a member of the Parliamentary Joint Select Committee on End of Life Choices which ran from Aug 2017 until Aug 2018.

Dr Peter Wallace

Dr Peter Wallace was a rural proceduralist General Practitioner in WA for 45 years prior to his retirement. This included involvement in both inpatient, at Murray District Hospital, and outpatient palliative care for 15 years. He was also a member of the Medical Board of Australia, spending the 10 years until 2018 as Chair of the Notifications Committee. Dr Wallace is representing the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners on the Implementation Leadership Team. 

Implementation resources

Webinar series – “Preparing for voluntary assisted dying"

The ILT hosted a series of webinars in partnership with Victorian service providers which gave an opportunity to hear their experiences and learnings. The guest presenters from Victoria discussed their experience of implementation of voluntary assisted dying including aspects such as: individual and service preparation approach, what worked well and other learnings. Speakers at each of the webinars are listed below.

19 November – Palliative Care providers

Led by ILT member Elissa Campbell
Alison Smith and Dr Becky Chapman – Bendigo Health (PDF 361KB)
Dr Greg Mewett – Grampians Regional Palliative Care Team

23 November – Hospital and related service providers

Led by ILT member Christopher Etherton-Beer
Eliza Armstrong and Suzie Hooper – Epworth Healthcare (PDF 2.3MB)
Dr Danielle Ko – Austin Health (PDF 896KB)
Dr Mark Boughey – St Vincent’s Hospital (PDF 1.3MB)

24 November – General Practitioners and Nurse Practitioners

Led by ILT member Chris Kane
Dr Deb Harley – General Practitioner, Victoria

25 November – Residential aged care providers

Led by ILT member Scott Blackwell
Dr Peter Lange – Geriatrician, Victoria (PDF 219KB)


Fact sheets

If reading this information on voluntary assisted dying has raised distressing issues for you the following helplines can be contacted for support:

LifeLine WA 13 11 14 (available 24/7) or online chat www.lifelinewa.org.au 
The Suicide Call Back Service 1300 659 467 (available 24/7) or online chat www.suicidecallbackservice.org.au

Last reviewed: 07-10-2020
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